Design

National Artist for Architecture Francisco "Bobby" Mañosa Passes Away at 88

Take a look back at some of the architect's greatest works.
IMAGE COURTESY OF THE MAÑOSAS; MAÑOSA & CO.
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Acclaimed Filipino architect Francisco "Bobby" Mañosa has passed away today, February 20, 2019.

His eldest child, Bambi Mañosa-Tanjutco, confirms his death through a Facebook post. She wrote:

He has searched the world,

He has faced its harms,

Now he found his hero’s welcome in God’s arms.

My father. My hero.

His passing came just a few months after he received the distinction of National Artist for Architecture on October 23, 2018. He is survived by his wife Denise, his children Bambi, Dino, and Gelo, and his grandchildren.


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Bobby with his wife Denise at their family home in the '80s


The architect together with his wife Denise, daughter Bambi, son-in-law Vince, and grandchildren Natasha and Bella.

The long-overdue honor came a year after Mañosa: Beyond Architecture, a series of exhibits on his works at the National Museum of the Philippines and other venues. As a nationalist, Architect Mañosa always implemented traditional vernacular forms of the bahay kubo and the bahay na bato, and utilized indigenous materials applied with state-of-the-art building technology to all his works, which were all perfect for our country’s culture and tropical climate.

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With Bill and Hillary Clinton during a visit to the Philippines

In light of his passing, let’s take a look at Mañosa’s most famous designs. Most of these are structures and buildings you’d recognize and see during a daily commute throughout Metro Manila (LRT 1, for example), and these are clear proof that this National Artist does not only build for the elite, but also creates buildings and institutions that help change the lives of all Filipinos.

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EDSA Shrine


The EDSA Shrine, officially called Shrine of Mary, Queen of Peace, Our Lady of EDSA, is a small Roman Catholic Church erected on the site of two demonstrations that unseated Presidents Ferdinand Marcos and Joseph Estrada. The shrine faces both EDSA and Ortigas Avenue, and holds many important works of art, including 14 Stations of the Cross by National Artist Napoleon Abueva, a sculpture of the Risen Christ by Ramon Orlina, a stained glass ceiling by Eduardo Castrillo, and the iconic Our Lady of Queen of Peace by Virginia Ty-Navarro, perched on top of the shrine.

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LRT 1 Stations


Mañosa’s works extended from residential and commercial commissions to ecclesiastical works, mass housing, and even public transportation hubs, and the most visible of which are the LRT-1 stations in downtown Manila. The original design for these mass transit stations had more pronounced bahay kubo-style roof structures, and provisions for landscaping.

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San Miguel Corporation Head Office


Mañosa designed the complex for San Miguel Corporation in Ortigas Center along with his brothers Manuel and Jose. The building has a unique, stepped/terraced design that was inspired by the Banaue Rice Terraces. The lush greenery spilling from the building’s façade was landscaped by another National Artist, architect Ildefonso Santos, Jr.

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More: 5 National Artists Who Were Architects

Coconut Palace


His design firm as a whole championed the use of indigenous materials such as bamboo, coconut, rattan, cogon, shell, adobe, and even ash from the Pinatubo volcano eruption. The Coconut palace—literally, an entire palace made out of coconut wood and the tree’s byproducts and the former Office of the Vice President located at the Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex in Manila—is one his most popular examples of his extensive use of local material.

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The Mañosa family home


Mañosa’s own family house in the South was built as an example of all his design tenets, and he incorporated important bahay kubo details inherent in his designs, such as a high, pitched roof, wide windows and door openings that let in natural light and air, tukod, and indigenous materials. Mañosa’s daughter, interior designer Bambi Mañosa-Tanjutco, recalls that they were so used to the endless stream of guests and clients who traipsed into the house at all hours of the day, just to see their father’s design.

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This story originally appeared on Realliving.com.ph.
* Minor edits have been made by the Townandcountry.ph editors.

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Hannah is originally from Pampanga and from a big, close-knit family who likes to find a reason to get together at the dinner table. Experiences inspire her. “Once, at a restaurant, I received an interpretation of my second name ‘Celina,’ and it meant 'someone who tries everything once' and that is me through and through,” she says. As for the job, she wants her “readers to be inspired by the stories of the people we feature and to move them to reach for greater things.”
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